United States District Court
Northern District Of Illinois
LR83.54.1. Truthfulness in Statements to Others
In the course of representing a client a lawyer shall not knowingly:
(1) make a false statement of material fact or law to a third person; or
(2) fail to disclose a material fact to a third person when disclosure is
necessary to avoid assisting a criminal or fraudulent act by a client, unless
disclosure is prohibited by LR83.51.6.
Committee Comment. Misrepresentation. A lawyer is required to be truthful when dealing with others on a client’s behalf, but generally has no affirmative duty to inform an opposing party of
relevant facts. A misrepresentation can occur if the lawyer incorporates or
affirms a statement of another person that the lawyer knows is false.
Misrepresentations can also occur by failure to act.
Statements of Fact. This rule refers to statements of fact. Whether a particular statement should
be regarded as one of fact can depend on the circumstances. Under generally
accepted conventions in negotiation, certain types of statements ordinarily are
not taken as statements of material fact. Estimates of price or value placed on
the subject of a transaction and a party’s intentions as to an acceptable settlement of a claim are in this category,
and so is the existence of an undisclosed principal except where nondisclosure
of the principal would constitute fraud.
Fraud by Client. Subsection (2) recognizes that substantive law may require a lawyer to
disclose certain information to avoid being deemed to have assisted the client’s crime or fraud. The requirement of disclosure created by this paragraph is,
however, subject to the obligations created by LR83.51.6.